A trademark is a sign, capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one person from those of others and may be presented in the State Register of Trademarks in such a way, that it is possible to clearly and accurately determine the subject of the protection, granted by the registration. Such signs may include, for example: words, including the names of persons, letters, numbers, drawings, figures, the shape of the goods or their packaging, colors, sounds or any combination of such signs.
Trademarks can be trademarks, collective and certificate marks.
A trademark is used to denote goods or services produced or marketed by the trademark holder. Trademarks may be the property of two or more persons and may be disposed of with the consent of all proprietors.
A collective mark is a trade mark, referred to as such, when filing the application for registration, which is the property of an association of producers, traders, persons performing services, which are qualified under the applicable law, as well as legal persons – subjects to public law and which is capable of distinguishing the goods or services of the members of the association from the goods or services of other persons.The collective mark is used according to rules adopted by the association and submitted in writing to the Patent Office when filing the application for registration.
A certification mark is a trade mark, which is listed as such when filing the application for registration and which is capable of distinguishing the goods or services, in respect of which the holder certifies the material, the method of manufacture of the goods or the method of provision of services, quality, accuracy or other characteristics, with the exception of geographical origin, from the goods or services, whose characteristics have not been certified in this way.
The right to a trademark is acquired through its registration, as of the date of filing the application and belongs to the first applicant.
The registration is valid for a period of ten years from the date of submission of the application and may be renewed indefinitely for further periods of ten years against payment of a fee.